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Costa Rica’s Population

Jun 23, 2016
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Numerical facts about Costa Rica

4.86 million

The current population of Costa Rica


According to recent statistics, the population of Costa Rica is roughly equivalent to the State of Alabama. According to the 2011 census, nearly 400,000 permanent residents, or about 9% of the population, were born outside of Costa Rica, including roughly 17,000 Americans who now call the country home as permanent residents. Nicaraguans comprise nearly 75% of the foreign-born community, but Costa Rica is also home to minority communities including German, Italian, French, Dutch, British, Swedish, Greek and more.

While the majority of Costa Ricans are of Spanish ancestry, approximately 13% of the country’s residents are Mestizos, which is a blend of Native American and European ancestry. Another 3% are of Afro-Caribbean descent. The country’s literacy rate soars at nearly 96%, which is the fifth highest among American countries according to the United Nations.

In addition to Costa Rica’s permanent resident population, the country also embraces a growing non-resident population comprised of foreigners who spend up to 90 days at a time living in the country, including approximately 70,000 Americans, according to the U.S. State Department.

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